《新编简明英语语言学教程》第二版练习题参考答案

 时间:2013-01-20 01:31:22 贡献者:LXY1358573706

导读:《新编简明英语语言学教程》第二版 练习题 参考答案Chapter 1 Introduction1. How do you interpret the following definition of linguistics: Linguistics is the scientific study of language.答: Linguistics is based on the systema

戴炜栋《新编简明英语语言学教程(第2版)》笔记与课后
戴炜栋《新编简明英语语言学教程(第2版)》笔记与课后

《新编简明英语语言学教程》第二版 练习题 参考答案Chapter 1 Introduction1. How do you interpret the following definition of linguistics: Linguistics is the scientific study of language.答: Linguistics is based on the systematic investigation of linguistic data, conducted with reference to some general theory of language structure. In order to discover the nature and rules of the underlying language system, the linguists has to collect and observe language facts first, which are found to display some similarities, and generalizations are made about them; then he formulates some hypotheses about the language structure. The hypotheses thus formed have to be checked repeatedly against the observed facts to fully prove their validity. In linguistics, as in any other discipline, data and theory stand in a dialectical complementation, that is, a theory without the support of data can hardly claim validity, and data without being explained by some theory remain a muddled mass of things. 2. What are the major branches of linguistics? What does each of them study?答: The major branches of linguistics are:(1) phonetics: it studies the sounds used in linguistic communication;(2) phonology: it studies how sounds are put together and used to convey meaning in communication;(3) morphology: it studies the way in which linguistic symbols representing sounds are arranged and combined to form words;(4) syntax: it studies the rules which govern how words are combined to form grammatically permissible sentences in languages;(5) semantics: it studies meaning conveyed by language;(6) pragmatics: it studies the meaning in the context of language use.3. In what basic ways does modern linguistics differ from traditional grammar?答: The general approach thus traditionally formed to the study of language over the years is roughly referred to as “traditional grammar.” Modern linguistics differs from traditional grammar in several basic ways.Firstly, linguistics is descriptive while traditional grammar is prescriptive.Second, modem linguistics regards the spoken language as primary, not the written. Traditional grammarians, on the other hand, tended to emphasize, maybe over-emphasize, the importance of the written word, partly because of its permanence.Then, modem linguistics differs from traditional grammar also in that it does not force languages into a Latin-based framework. 4. Is modern linguistics mainly synchronic or diachronic? Why?答: In modem linguistics, a synchronic approach seems to enjoy priority over a diachronic one. Because people believed that unless the various states of a language in different historical periods are successfully studied, it would be difficult to describe the changes that have taken place in its historical development.5. For what reasons does modern linguistics give priority to speech rather than to writing?答: Speech and writing are the tw

《新编简明英语语言学教程》第二版课后练习题答案 新编简明英语语言学教程第二版 练习题 参考答案 《新编简明英语语言学教程》第二版_练习题_参考答案.txt 老师新编_简明英语语言学教程第二版第4章答案 简明英语语言学教程第二版第6章第7章练习题参考答案 新编简明英语语言学教程第一次作业及答案 新编简明英语语言学教程第二版课后参考答案 简明英语语言学教程第二版第6章答案 英语语言学实用教程课后习题答案参考 《新编简明英语语言学教程》第二版 课后习题答案 chapter 7
恐怖游戏手机版中文下载 未来十年最紧缺职业2018 360手机助手下载官网 胸一边大一边小怎么办 qq音乐破解版永久绿钻电脑版独木成林 阳光人物背影图头像女生 两居室简装效果图 如何如何更换qq头像 电脑背景墙图片大全护眼 手机病图片